Naomi André, Associate Professor, University of Michigan, holds a B.A. from Barnard College and an M.A. and a Ph.D. in Music from Harvard University. At the University of Michigan she has received funding from the Institute for Research on Women and Gender and the Rackham Grant and Fellowship program and has held a postdoctoral fellowship from the American Association of University Women. Her research focuses on nineteenth-century opera and gender issues and cultural theory in music. She teaches courses on the 19th-20th centuries and world music (with an emphasis on the music of Africa). Her book, Voicing Gender: Castrati, Travesti and the Second Woman in Early Nineteenth-Century Italian Opera (Indiana University Press, 2006) explores the changing meanings of women's sounding voices and characterization in nineteenth-century Italian opera. She has published on Schoenberg, Verdi and has written articles for The New Grove Dictionary of Women Composers, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, and The International Dictionary of Black Musicians. Currently her work examines constructions of race and ethnicity in music and she is co-editing a book on blackness and opera.